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Azamgarh, one of the easternmost districts of the State, once formed a part of the ancient Kosala kingdom, except the north-eastern part of it which was included in the kingdom of Malla. Kosala figured prominently among the four powerful monarchies of northern India during the time of the Buddha when its Prosperity reached its zenith. The kingdom of Kosala was bounded on the east by the the Ganga and the kingdom of Magadha, on the north-east by the territories of Vriji-Lichchhavis and those of Mallas on the north by the territories of the Sakyas, on the west by Surasena and on the south and south-west by the kingdom of Vatsa with Kausambi as its capital. The district of Azamgarh possesses hardly any remains of much antiquarian value, and of the few that exist neither the origin nor the history are for the most part known.

Azamgarh Railway Station, Uttar Pradesh.


Azamgarh is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Azamgarh division, which consists of Ballia, Mau and Azamgarh districts. Azamgarh is situated on the bank of Tamsa River (Tons). It is located 268 km east of the state capital Lucknow.

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Azamgarh urban agglomeration had a population of 116,165 out of which males were 60,678 and females were 55,487. The literacy rate was 86 percent. Azamgarh has presence of large number of pathans who migrated from foothills of Hindu Kush in early 18th Century.

In the Shiv Lings established in the country and abroad, where Baba Baijnath Dham of Baba Vishwanatha of Kashi and the Baba Baijnath Dham of Devghar are considered special significance of Baba Pashupati Nath of Kathmandu, while the worship of Baba Bhavannath is very important for the people of Azamgarh. About the temple situated on the western end of the city, it is believed that Baba Bhananthnagar gives relief to his devotees by performing Darshan-worshiping. Perhaps this is the reason why any festival of Shiva worship is followed by the people of the city and the surrounding areas.

Baba Bhavannath temple in Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh.

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